Western University BiologyWestern Science

Undergraduate Courses

1000 Level Courses

1001A: Biology for Science I

  • Description
    The principles of biology taught using an integrative, question-based approach. Topics include inheritance, evolution and ecology. This course is intended for students registered in the Faculty of Science.
    Instructor(s)
    T. Haffie
    B. Macdougall-Shackleton
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours. 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Grade 12U (SB14U) Biology or Grade 11U (SB13UA) Biology and permission of the Department. A minimum mark of 80% in Grade 12 U Biology (SB14U) is recommended for students registered in a faculty other than the Faculty of Science.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

1002B: Biology for Science II

  • Description
    The principles of biology taught using an integrative, question-based approach. This course is primarily intended for students enrolled in the Faculty of Science. Topics include enzyme structure/function, membrane structure/function, bioenergetics, photosynthesis, respiration, molecular genetics.
    Instructor(s)
    D. Maxwell
    T. Haffie 
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours. 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Grade 12U (SB14U) Biology or Grade 11U (SB13UA) Biology and permission of the Department. A minimum mark of 80% in Grade 12U Biology (SB14U) is recommended for students registered in a faculty other than the Faculty of Science.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

1201A: General Biology I

  • Description
    This course provides an understanding of fundamental biological concepts with emphasis on function in and relevance to humans. Topics include inheritance, evolution, ecology, behaviour, ecosystem health. This course is not available to students enrolled in the Faculty of Science (students registered in the Faculty of Science should select Biology 1001A).
    Instructor(s)
    T.B.A.

    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours. 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Grade 12U (SB14U) Biology or Grade 11U (SB13UA) Biology and permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

1202B: General Biology II

  • Description
    This course provides an understanding of fundamental biological concepts with emphasis on function in and relevance to humans. Topics include molecular genetics, physiology, bioenergetics. This course is not available to students enrolled in the Faculty of Science (students registered in the Faculty of Science should select Biology 1002B).
    Instructor(s)
    T.B.A.
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours. 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Grade 12U (SB14U) Biology or Grade 11U (SB13UA) Biology and permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

1225: An Introduction to the Biology of Organisms

  • Description
    A study of the whole organism with emphasis on organization, growth, development, integration, reproduction and heredity.
    Instructor(s)
    M. Butler
    Hours
    1.0 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

1229F: Biology: The Secrets of Life    -    Not offered in 2014-2015

  • Description
    This course will provide a broad background of the history and main areas of biology, before embarking on a series of case studies and guest lectures including life in extreme environments, Antarctica, invasive species and extinctions.
    Instructor(s)
    Not Offered
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

1290B: Biology and Microorganisms

  • Description
    The fundamental principles of biology with emphasis on cell function and the role of microorganisms in public health, sanitation, food, and nutrition. Restricted to Food and Nutrition modules or by permission of the Department of Biology.
    Instructor(s)
    R. Gardiner
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Grade 12U (SBI4U) Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

2000 Level Courses

2001A: Genetics in Everyday Life   -    Not offered in 2014-2015

  • Description
    This course will promote awareness of how genetic principles and technologies underlie such aspects of daily life as ageing, reproductive technologies, environmental mutagenesis, molecular genealogy, companion animal breeding, emerging diseases, endangered species, genetic discrimination (eugenics), genetic engineering and forensics.
    Instructor(s)
    Not Offered
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

2217B: Plants as a Human Resource

  • Description
    An introduction to economically important plants and their products, especially as sources of food, fuel, drugs and industrial raw materials. National and international programs relating to food and other plant resources.
    Instructor(s)
    R. Gardiner
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Either Biology 1001A or 1201A and either Biology 1002B or 1202B, or either of the former Biology 1222 or 1223; or registration in Foods and Nutrition modules.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

2241Z: Biology of Invertebrates   -   Not offered in 2014-2015

  • Description
    An introduction to the invertebrate phyla, their relationships and evolution. Online material, linked to an evolutionary tree framework, introduces the morphology and major divisions of the invertebrate phyla. Examples of physiological and behavioural adaptations of selected animals link morphology and evolution to the endless variety and fascination of the living world.
    Instructor(s)
    Not Offered
    Hours
    0.5 course. 3 hours online plus readings and assignments every 2 weeks.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Either Biology 1001A or 1201A and either Biology 1002B or 1202B, or either of the former Biology 1222 or 1223.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

    No outline available

2244A: Analysis & Interpretation of Biological Data

  • Description
    Measurement, sampling, estimation, and statistical hypothesis testing are considered: theory, intuitive background, and practical relevance will be stressed.
    Instructor(s)
    B. White
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    1.0 Mathematics course or equivalent numbered 1000 or above.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

2244B: Analysis & Interpretation of Biological Data

  • Description
    Measurement, sampling, estimation, and statistical hypothesis testing are considered: theory, intuitive background, and practical relevance will be stressed.
    Instructor(s)
    B. White
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    1.0 Mathematics course or equivalent numbered 1000 or above.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

2290F: Scientific Method in Biology

  • Description
    A laboratory course designed to promote understanding of the scientific method by acquainting students with selected technical and conceptual tools that will enable them to generate, analyze and communicate data from experimental investigations of their own design in the areas of cell biology, population biology and genetics.
    Instructor(s)
    R. Dean
    R. Zabulionis
    I. Krajnyk
    P. Gray
    Hours
    6 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or 1202B, or a minimum mark of 60% in either the former Biology 1222 or 1223.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

2290G: Scientific Method in Biology

  • Description
    A laboratory course designed to promote understanding of the scientific method by acquainting students with selected technical and conceptual tools that will enable them to generate, analyze and communicate data from experimental investigations of their own design in the areas of cell biology, population biology and genetics.
    Instructor(s)
    R. Dean
    R. Zabulionis
    I. Krajnyk
    P. Gray
    Hours
    6 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or 1202B, or a minimum mark of 60% in either the former Biology 1222 or 1223.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

2382B: Cell Biology

  • Description
    Molecular and structural organization of cells in relation to function. Composition and dynamics of the plasma membrane and membrane-bound compartments in cells. Synthesis and trafficking of proteins. Cytoskeleton and cell motility. Membrane receptors in signal and energy transduction, cell-cell adhesion and recognition. Excitable membranes.
    Instructor(s)
    S. Damjanovski
    R. Cumming
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or 1202B, or a minimum mark of 60% in either the former Biology 1222 or 1223; Chemistry 1100A/B and 1200B, or the former Chemistry 1050.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

2404A: Changing Plant Communities of Ontario   -   Not offered in 2014-2015

  • Description
    A study of the natural flora of Ontario, with emphasis on southwest Ontario. The course will deal with plants and their distribution pattern as affected by past and modern climates and technological change. Some field work included.
    Instructor(s)
    Not Offered
    Hours
    5 lecture/laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Either Biology 1001A or 1201A and either Biology 1002B or 1202B, or either of the former Biology 1222 or 1223.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

    No outline available

2471B: Vertebrate Biology  -   Not offered in 2014-2015

  • Description
    The biology of vertebrates including evolution and structural adaptation in a variety of vertebrates. Emphasis will be on features of animal biology unique to the vertebrates.
    Instructor(s)
    Not Offered
    Hours
    0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 1001A or 1201A and Biology 1002B or 1202B or the former Biology 1222, 1223.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

2483A: Ecology

  • Description
    An introduction to ecology, the scientific study of the interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of plants, animals, and microorganisms. Ecological concepts at the organism, population and ecosystem levels will be considered, including tolerance limits, life history evolution, competition, predation, population growth and control, and ecosystem dynamics.
    Instructor(s)
    H. Henry
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or 1202B, or a minimum mark of 60% in either the former Biology 1222 or 1223.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

2485B: Environmental Biology

  • Description
    Basic principles of environmental biology, human ecology, ecosystem structure and function. Human population growth and its impact on soil, water, energy, agriculture and natural populations of plants and animals. Environmental problems created by resource exploitation and possible solutions.
    Instructor(s)
    T.B.A.
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 2 tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Either Biology 1001A or 1201A and either Biology 1002B or 1202B, or either of the former Biology 1222 or 1223.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

2581B: Genetics

  • Description
    The structure, transmission and expression of genetic elements in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms and populations.
    Instructor(s)

    S. Kohalmi

    D. Smith

    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or 1202B, or a minimum mark of 60% in either the former Biology 1222 or 1223; Biochemistry 2280A.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

2601A: Organismal Physiology

  • Description
    This course provides a general background in the mechanisms and consequences of physiological processes in plants and animals. It will take an integrated approach and include a comparative context, wherever possible. It will include hands-on laboratory work with both plants and animals.
    Instructor(s)
    D. Way
    G. Taylor
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours. 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or 1202B, or a minimum mark of 60% in the former Biology 1222 or 1223.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3000 Level Courses

3218G: Biology of the Fungi

  • Description
    This course provides an introduction to the fungi with emphasis on their biology, ecology, genetics and interactions with other organisms, including humans and their crops. Emphasis is on the true fungi, including yeasts, with brief treatment of other fungus-like microbes of the Kingdoms Chromalveolata and Amoebozoa.
    Instructor(s)
    G. Thorn
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    At least 1.0 course in Biology at the 2200-level or higher.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3220Z: Field Studies in Biology

  • Description
    Specialized field courses given by biologists from Ontario universities at various times during the year. Students should be prepared to meet travel and living expenses.
    Instructor(s)
    B. Rubin
    G. Taylor
    Hours
    Sessions and hours by arrangement, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Permission of the Department of Biology. See the departmental office in January of each year for list of offerings, requirements, and credits. This course may be used as a half laboratory course.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

    See the Field Courses page

3222F: Special Topics in Restoration Ecology

  • Description
    Selected topics of current interest in Biology. The topics may vary each year. Specific topics will be available from the Department prior to registration.
    Instructor(s)
    D. Koscinski
    Hours
    2 lecture hours. 1 tutorial/lecture hour. 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 1001A or 1201A and Biology 1002B or 1202B or the former Biology 1222, 1223 and at least one half course in Biology at the 2200 level or above, or permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3222G: Special Topics in Evolution   -   Not offered in 2014-2015

  • Description
    Selected topics of current interest in Biology. The topics may vary each year. Specific topics will be available from the Department prior to registration.
    Instructor(s)
    Not Offered 
    Hours
    2 lecture hours. 1 tutorial/lecture hour. 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 1001A or 1201A and Biology 1002B or 202B or the former Biology 1222, 1223 and at least one half course in Biology at the 2200 level or above, or permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3224F: Selected Topics (Writing Biology) (on-line course)

  • Description
    Selected topics of current interest in Biology. The topics may vary each year. Specific topics will be available from the Department prior to registration.
    Instructor(s)
    B. Fenton
    Hours
    0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 1001A or 1201A and Biology 1002B or 1202B or the former Biology 1222, 1223 and at least one half course in Biology at the 2200 level or above, or permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3224G: Selected Topics (Writing Biology) (on-line course)

  • Description
    Selected topics of current interest in Biology. The topics may vary each year. Specific topics will be available from the Department prior to registration.
    Instructor(s)
    B. Fenton
    Hours
    0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 1001A or 1201A and Biology 1002B or 1202B or the former Biology 1222, 1223 and at least one half course in Biology at the 2200 level or above, or permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3224G: Selected Topics: Education in the Life Sciences

  • Description
    Selected topics of current interest in Biology. The topics may vary each year. Specific topics will be available from the Department prior to registration.
    Instructor(s)
    T. Haffie
    Hours
    0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 1001A or 1201A and Biology 1002B or 1202B or the former Biology 1222, 1223 and at least one half course in Biology at the 2200 level or above, or permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3229G: Animal Diversity: Ancestral Vertebrates to Jellyfish

  • Description
    An introduction to animal phyla focused on understanding the diversity of body plans across the animal kingdom. Characteristics defining major animal groups, and key evolutionary designs and innovations are discussed in relation to ecology and life habits.  Both extant, and some fossil, forms will be considered to illustrate animal evolution.
    Instructor(s)
    G. Taylor
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    At least 1.0 course from:  Biology 2290F/G, 2382B, 2483A, 2581B, 2601A/B and registration in third or fourth year.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3316A: Advanced Cell Biology

  • Description
    The functional organization and physiology of cells with special reference to cellular membranes, energetics, cell motility, cell specializations, and cell-cell interactions. The course is based on the interpretation of experimental observations.
    Instructor(s)
    A. Simon
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 2 demonstration/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2382B
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3326F: Cell Biology Laboratory

  • Description
    Training in current cell biological methods such as tissue culture, cell fractionation, computer-assisted microscopic analysis and immunocytochemistry.
    Instructor(s)
    A. Timoshenko
    Hours
    5 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A; a minimum mark of 70% in Biology 2382B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3326G: Cell Biology Laboratory

  • Description
    Training in current cell biological methods such as tissue culture, cell fractionation, computer-assisted microscopic analysis and immunocytochemistry.
    Instructor(s)
    A. Timoshenko
    Hours
    5 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A; a minimum mark of 70% in Biology 2382B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3332A: Parasitology

  • Description
    Parasitism as a way of life; structures and life histories of selected parasites with emphasis on species affecting humans. The relationships between host and parasite will be stressed in lectures, recognition and identification in the laboratory. Living material will be studied when available.
    Instructor(s)
    R. Podesta
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A, Biology 2382B, or permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3338A: Developmental Biology

  • Description
    Principles underlying the molecular, biochemical, and cellular mechanisms by which an organism develops. Classic and contemporary perspectives in embryology and development.
    Instructor(s)
    S. Damjanovski
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2581B, and Biology 2382B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3355A: Molecular Cell Biology of Stress

  • Description
    This course will cover a range of environmental, physiological, and pathological stresses common to animal systems. The focus will be on evolutionary conserved cell stress responses, individual signaling pathways and the molecules controlling the action of specific stress stimuli.
    Instructor(s)
    A. Timoshenko
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2382B
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3404F: Evolution of Plants

  • Description
    This course provides an introduction to the major groups of photosynthetic organisms - now classified in three Domains and numerous Kingdoms. These organisms feed the world, produce many of today's medicines and provide numerous ecosystem functions. Lectures emphasize diversity, evolutionary relationships and importance, and labs emphasize morphology and recognition.
    Instructor(s)
    G. Thorn
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either BIology 1002B or 1202B, or a minimum mark of 60% in either the former Biology 1222 or 1223.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3435G: Animal Ecology

  • Description
    The life history consequences of behavioral, physiological, and morphological adaptations. Ecological aspects of reproduction and growth. Energetics and the use of physiological indices in ecological studies.
    Instructor(s)
    Y. Morbey
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Either Biology 2483A or 2486A.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3436F: Animal Behaviour

  • Description
    Introduction to the science of animal behavior with emphasis on the evolution and adaptive nature of behavior. A comparative experimental approach is used to illustrate topics such as the development, control, and organization of behavior, foraging, predation, mate choice, mating systems, parental care, communication, and social behavior.
    Instructor(s)
    G. Thompson
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A half or full course equivalent statistics course chosen from: Biology 2244A/B (or equivalent courses: Statistical Sciences 2035, 2141A/B, 2244A/B, the former 2122A/B, Psychology 2810). Note: Statistical Sciences 2037A/B is not acceptable.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3440A: Ecology of Populations   -   Not offered in 2014-2015

  • Description
    Knowing how many individuals of a given species there are and identifying the factors that cause population numbers to change is fundamental for conservation, fisheries, forestry, and managing everything from pest insects to pandas. This course combines the central tenets of population ecology with hands-on techniques for its practical application.
    Instructor(s)
    Not Offered
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3.0 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2483A; One of Biology 2244A/B, Psychology 2810, Statistical Sciences 2244A/B, or the former Statistical Sciences 2122A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3442F: Conservation Biology

  • Description

    This course introduces fundamental concepts and issues in conservation biology.  We explore the three prongs fo conservation including: (1) the science involved in conserving biodiversity; (2) the political systems that directly affect conservation; (3) how to access the political system to maximize the probability of implementing conservation programs. 

    Instructor(s)
    T.B.A.
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3.0 tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    Biology 2483A.

    Academic Calendar

    Course Outline

3444F: Molecular Ecology

  • Description
    An introduction to the use of molecular tools in addressing both basic and applied questions in ecological research, including population, behavioural, community and ecosystem ecology. Lectures and student-led seminars develop basic knowledge and theory underlying molecular ecology, and present many recent case studies from the primary literature. 
    Instructor(s)
    N. Keyghobadi
    Hours
    2 lectures hours, 1 tutorial/lecture hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2483A, 2581B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3445F: Community Ecology

  • Description
    An integrative approach to ecology, stressing the structure and function of communities. Theoretical explanations for diversity, stability and productivity across a variety of community types are evaluated in light of empirical evidence.
    Instructor(s)
    Z. Lindo
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2483A.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3446B: Wildlife Ecology and Management

  • Description
    The application of ecological principles to the management of wildlife species. Topics include techniques, harvest, predation, habitat loss and management, stocking and reintroductions, and economics of wildlife. Identification and biology of game, pest and furbearing species in laboratories; films are used frequently.
    Instructor(s)
    S. Petrie
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2483A.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3466B: Evolutionary Genetics

  • Description
    The study of evolution in large and small random and non-random mating populations, showing discrete and quantitative inheritance. The roles and importance of mutation, inbreeding, drift, selection and linkage.
    Instructor(s)
    M-A. Lachance
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    One of Biology 2244A/B, Statistical Sciences 2035, 2141A/B, 2244A/B, the former 2122A/B, Psychology 2810; Biology 2581B; or permission of the Department. Biology 2486A is recommended.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3467B: Evolution and Reproduction

  • Description
    Evolutionary concepts taught using the framework of reproduction. Topics include evolution of various forms of reproduction, sex, the cost and consequences of different mating systems, sexual antagonism, egg-sperm co-evolution, reproductive isolation between species. Current understanding of the genetic basis of evolutionary aspects of reproduction will also be discussed.
    Instructor(s)
    A. Moehring
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial/lecture, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum of 60% in Biology 2581B
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3475A: Chemical Ecology

  • Description
    This course will examine how plants and animals use chemical cues to find essential resources, defend against natural enemies, locate suitable mates, and maintain social systems. How chemical ecology may be used to elucidate basic ecological problems and to provide more environmentally friendly pest management practices will also be discussed.
    Instructor(s)
    J. McNeil
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2483A, Chemistry 1100A/B and 1200B or the former Chemistry 1050.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3484A: Patterns in the Diversity of Life

  • Description
    This course considers the large-scale patterns in the Earth's biota: patterns in life's diversification and extinction, changing the biota through time; patterns in the form and functioning of organisms, reflected in biological classification; patterns in the global distribution of life's lineages, and in their major responses to Earth's diverse climate.
    Instructor(s)
    N. Zitani
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    At least 1.0 course from: Biology 2290F/G, 2382B, 2483A, 2581B, 2601A/B and registration in third or fourth year.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3592A: Principles of Human Genetics

  • Description
    Genetic principles and their application to humans. Special attention will be directed to the genetic variation in our species, mutations, mechanisms of gene expression, and mapping the human genome.
    Instructor(s)
    P. McDonald
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2581B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3593B: Genetic Engineering

  • Description
    An accounting of the principles in genetics that have led to advances in animal and plant breeding earlier in this century; recombinant DNA and other technologies employed in contemporary biotechnology; and the basis for continued progress in genetic engineering.
    Instructor(s)
    V. Grbic
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2581B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3594A: DNA: Genome Organization, Mutagenesis and Repair

  • Description
    This course will cover concepts related to DNA organization, replication, mutagenesis and repair in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Lecture topics will include current literature in DNA mutagenesis and repair designed to permit direct examination of concepts, experimental design, methodology, data analysis and future trends.
    Instructor(s)
    K. Hill
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2581B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3595A: Advanced Genetics

  • Description
    This course will use examples from diverse biological systems to expand basic genetic principles such as mutation, recombination, gene and genome evolution, complex inheritance and functional genomics. Current research information will be used to inform discussion of the implication and applications of these topics.
    Instructor(s)
    T. Haffie
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum grade of 70% in Biology 2581B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3596A: Genomics and Beyond: A Laboratory Course   -   Not offered in 2014-2015

  • Description
    A practical introduction to modern experimental approaches in genetics and molecular biology as applied to such topics as genomics (gene identification and classification), functional genomics (genome expression profiles) and bioinformatics (computational genomic analysis).
    Instructor(s)
    Not Offered
    Hours
    2 lecture/tutorial hours, 4 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 70% in each of Biology 2290F/G and Biology 2581B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3596B: Genomics and Beyond: A Laboratory Course

  • Description
    A practical introduction to modern experimental approaches in genetics and molecular biology as applied to such topics as genomics (gene identification and classification), functional genomics (genome expression profiles) and bioinformatics (computational genomic analysis).
    Instructor(s)
    A. Percival-Smith
    Hours
    2 lecture/tutorial hours, 4 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 70% in each of Biology 2290F/G and Biology 2581B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3597B: Regulation of Gene Expression

  • Description
    A discussion of the genetic material and molecular mechanisms governing its expression in a variety of organisms.
    Instructor(s)
    A. Simon
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2581B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3598B: Behavioural Genetics

  • Description
    The roles of genes and genetic variation in the evolution and expression of animal behaviour are examined. Major themes include the population genetics and quantitative genetics of behaviour, the molecular biology of gene discovery, and the evolution of behavioural traits, including social traits, as studied through vertebrate and invertebrate model systems.
    Instructor(s)
    A. Simon
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 2 tutorial hours, 0.5 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2581B
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3601A: Animal Physiology I

  • Description
    This course will examine the form and function of physiological and biochemical systems in the vast diversity of non-human animals. It will emphasize the importance of phylogeny and environmental selective pressures on the evolution of these systems. 
    Instructor(s)
    B. Sinclair
    Hours
    3 lectures hours, 2 tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 2601A/B or the former Biology 2672A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3602B: Animal Physiology II

  • Description
    This course explores the mechanisms, integration and evolution of physiological and biochemical systems within animals. By using a comparative approach, we will explore the diversity of evolutionary “strategies” adopted by phylogenetically distinct animals. Animals thriving in extreme environments will be featured. Human physiology will be discussed only briefly.
    Instructor(s)
    J. Staples
    Hours
    3 lectures hours, 2 tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 2601A/B or Physiology 3120.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3603A: Ecophysiology of Plants

  • Description
    This course introduces students to the physiological responses of plants to their environment. Specific topics covered include water balance, mineral nutrition, phytohormones, plant defenses and environmental stress. The material covered provides valuable background information for students planning to take further courses in either plant physiology or plant ecology. 
    Instructor(s)
    L. Kurepin
    Hours
    2 lectures hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2601A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3625G: Techniques in Physiology & Biochemistry

  • Description
    Training in current techniques used in physiology and biochemistry. Emphasis is placed on the functional integration of systems from the molecules to the whole organism level and the assignment of function to genes. Techniques include chromatography, electrophoresis, protein and nucleic acid blotting, enzyme assays and whole organism or organelle measurements.
    Instructor(s)
    C. Guglielmo
    Hours
    1 lecture/tutorial hour, 5 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2382B; one of Biology 2601A/B, Physiology 3120 or 3140A, or one of the former Biology 2660A/B or 2672A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3660B: Advanced Plant Physiology   -    Not offered in 2014-2015

  • Description
    Physiology and biochemistry of plants with emphasis on primary plant metabolism, including: photosynthesis, respiration, photorespiration, and nutrient assimilation. Other topics include plant-soil relationships, herbicides, phytoremediation, photomorphogenesis, medicinal plants, plant products and alternative fuels.
    Instructor(s)
    Not Offered
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2601A/B or the former Biology 2660A/B, or permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4000 Level Courses

4200A: Selected Topics in Biology - Entomology

  • Description
    Taught at an advanced undergraduate level. The specific topics taught may vary each year. Consult the Department of Biology for information about the current offering.
    Instructor(s)
    J. McNeil
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial/lecture hour, 0.5 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4200B: Selected Topics in Biology - Genome Evolution

  • Description

    This year's topic:  Genome Evolution

    This course will explore the origins and diversity of genomic architecture across the eukaryotic domain. It will examine the evolutionary forces that fashion genes and chromosomes, including their conformation, size, coding content, and nucleotide landscape. A main theme will be: How do major transitions in evolution, such as the shift from unicellular to multicellular, heterotrophic to phototrophic, or free-living to symbiotic existence, impact genome structure?

    Academic Calendar description:  Taught at an advanced undergraduate level. The specific topics taught may vary each year. Consult the Department of Biology for information about the current offering.

    Instructor(s)
    D. Smith
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial/lecture hour, 0.5 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4218A: Microorganisms & Plant Disease

  • Description
    Plant diseases caused by abiotic and biotic factors with emphasis on effects of important pathogenic viruses, bacteria and fungi. Relationships between host, pathogen and environmental factors, epidemiology and methods of control.
    Instructor(s)
    R. Gardiner
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 3218F/G, or permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4223F: Marine Environments

  • Description
    The ecological and physiological challenges posed to animal communities of marine (including intertidal, benthic, planktonic, coral reef and deep-sea) environments. Topics include: feeding, movement, defence, developmental and life cycle strategies of animals in these environments. Invertebrate examples dominate discussion but a previous course in invertebrate zoology is not a prerequisite.
    Instructor(s)
    G. Taylor
    Hours
    3 lecture/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4230A/B: Ecosystem Health

  • Description
    A characterization of ecosystems, contaminants, and the human health concerns. Course material will cover the production, transport, transformation and fate of environmental contaminants, with an emphasis on their anthropogenic impacts. Emphasis will include the assessment of human health exposure and biomarkers of environmentally associated disease.
    Instructor(s)
    C. Trick
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2483A or permission of the instructor or registration in year 4 or an Honors Specialization offered by the Department of Biology, Enviromental Science or the Basic Medical Sciences Department or a Major in Ecosystem Health.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4257Z: Field Studies in Biology

  • Description
    Specialized field courses given by biologists from Ontario universities at various times during the year. Students should be prepared to meet travel and living expenses.
    Instructor(s)
    B. Rubin
    G. Taylor
    ...
    Hours
    Sessions and hours by arrangement, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Permission of the Department. See the Department of Biology office in January each year for list of offerings, requirements, and credits. This may be used as a half laboratory course.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

    See the Field Courses page

4258Z: Field Studies in Biology

  • Description
    Specialized field courses given by biologists from Ontario universities at various times during the year. Students should be prepared to meet travel and living expenses.
    Instructor(s)
    B. Rubin
    G. Taylor
    ...
    Hours
    Sessions and hours by arrangement, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Permission of the Department. See the Department of Biology office in January each year for list of offerings, requirements, and credits. This may be used as a half laboratory course.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

    See the Field Courses page

4259F: Research Hypothesis Testing

  • Description
    This course will equip students with some of the basics of experimental design and statistical analysis useful for understanding, conducting and presenting biological research. The emphasis is on practical application rather than theory, and on problems of particular concern in biological studies.
    Instructor(s)
    B. Rubin
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2244A/B or one of Statistical Sciences 2035, 2141A/B, 2244A/B, the former 2122A/B, or Psychology 2810; and completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000-level or above.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4289B: Biosystematics and Phylogenetics

  • Description
    An overview of modern approaches to the classification and identification of living organisms, dealing with such topics as molecular evolution, the theory of biological systematics, phylogenetics, DNA fingerprinting, the Tree of Life and Barcoding projects, and bioinformatics.
    Instructor(s)
    M-A. Lachance
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 2 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2581B and completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4300G: Selected Topics in Cell Biology - Stem Cells

  • Description
    Topics will focus on current areas in cell biology and may vary each year. Prior to registration, check with the Department of Biology for specific topics. 
    Instructor(s)
    G. Kelly
    Hours
    2 lectures hours per week, 0.5 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 3316A/B, Biology 3338A, and completion of at least one additional half course in Biology course at the 3000-level or above; and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4338G: Advanced Developmental Biology

  • Description
    An analysis of specific topics in the embryology and development of model organisms. The course will focus primarily on genetic and biochemical pathways which have been conserved between distantly related organisms.
    Instructor(s)
    G. Kelly
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/ tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum grade of 75% in Biology 3338A.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4355F: The Biology of Aging: Cellular and Molecular Aspects

  • Description
    Aging is an extremely complex multifactoral process governed by genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors. This course will explore current topics including: model organisms to study aging, identification of “aging genes”, longevity variation among different species, signalling pathways and the role of reactive oxygen species in aging and age-associated diseases.
    Instructor(s)
    R. Cumming
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 3316A/B and enrollment in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered through the Department of Biology or the Basic Medical Science departments.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4405G: Ecosystem Ecology

  • Description
    This course traces the flow of water, energy, and nutrients from their abiotic origins, to their cycles through microbes, plants, and animals. This course will synthesize current advances in ecology with established theory to offer a comprehensive survey of ecosystem pattern and process.
    Instructor(s)
    Z. Lindo
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours. 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2483A.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4436G: Behavioural Ecology

  • Description
    Introduction to the science of animal behavior with emphasis on the evolution and adaptive nature of behavior. A comparative experimental approach is used to illustrate topics such as the development, control, and organization of behavior, foraging, predation, mate choice, mating systems, parental care, communication, and social behavior.
    Instructor(s)
    G. Thompson
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A half or full course equivalent statistics course chosen from: Biology 2244A/B (or equivalent courses: Statistical Sciences 2035, 2141A/B, 2244A/B, the former 2122A/B, Psychology 2810). Note: Statistical Sciences 2037A/B is not acceptable.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4441F/G: Special Topics in Evolution - Not offered in 2014-2015

  • Description
    A critical examination of topics in evolutionary biology such as levels of selection, speciation, patterns of diversification, origin and radiation of selected groups, biogeography, and taxonomy and phylogeny.
    Instructor(s)
    Not Offered
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/discussion hours, 0.5 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2486A; and either completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses from the 3000-level or above, or registrationi n Year 4 of the Honors Specialization in Animal Behaviour; or special permission from the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4510G: Selected Topics in Genetics

  • Description
    Topics will focus on current areas in Genetics and may vary each year. Prior to registration, check with the Department for specific topics.
    Instructor(s)
    M. Grbic
    Hours
    2 lectures hours per week, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    1.0 Biology course at the 3500-level and completion of at least one additional half course in Biology at the 3000-level or above; and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.  
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4540G: Developmental Genetics

  • Description
    A comparative analysis of genetics principles underlying axial patterning, sex determination, epigenetic phenomena and other developmental pathways in a select group of model organisms.
    Instructor(s)
    A. Percival-Smith
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Either Biology 3338A or permission of the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4560B: Human Molecular Genetics

  • Description
    This course will offer an up-to-date examination of the current status of human genetics with emphasis on the molecular information. The specific course content is expected to change from year to year reflecting research progress, including the human genome project.
    Instructor(s)
    M. Grbic
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 3592A and 3596A/B; one additional 0.5 course in Biology at the 3000 level or above; and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered through the Department of Biology or a Major in Genetics.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4561F: Genes & Genomes I   -   Not offered in 2014-2015

  • Description
    An examination of the current concepts of organization, transmission and expression of eukaryotic genes in the context of the chromosome. Topics to be covered include chromatin organization and composition, genomic rearrangements, techniques for mapping genes and manipulating genomes.
    Instructor(s)
    Not Offered
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 3596A/B; and one of the following: Biology 3594A, 3595A, 3597A/B; and one additional 0.5 course in Biology at the 3000 level or above; and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module or a Major in Genetics offered through the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4562B: Genes & Genomes II

  • Description
    An examination of our understanding of the organization, structure and function of the genes and genomes of plants, emphasizing recent developments in plant molecular genetics involving model organisms. Topics include plant gene expression, mapping of plant genes, molecular tools for DNA transfer, the interrelationship of nuclear, mitochondrial and chloroplast genes.
    Instructor(s)
    S. Kohalmi
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above; and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module or a Major in Genetics offered through the Department of Biology; or permission of the instructor.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4582: Investigative Techniques in Genetics

  • Description
    A study of the techniques currently used in the various disciplines of genetics.
    Instructor(s)
    S. Singh
    Hours
    4 laboratory hours, 1.0 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 70% in each of Biology 3596A/B and 1.0 course from: Biology 3466B, 3592A, 3593B, 3594A, 3595A, 3597A/B; and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization in Genetics or permission of the Genetics Undergraduate Coordinator.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4608G: Environmental Plant Physiology

  • Description
    The impact of environment on plant function and adaptation. Topics include the radiation environment, use of radiation to sense environmental change, carbon metabolism and productivity, inorganic nutrients and the rhizosphere, responses to environmental stress (water, temperature, radiation and aerial pollution).
    Instructor(s)
    N. Huner
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2601A/B or the former Biology 2660A/B; registration in a Biology module and completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000-level or above. Biology 3660A/B is recommended.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4611G: Physiology of Animal Migration

  • Description
    The study of animal migration, focusing on migration as a life history trait, integrating physiology and biochemistry with ecological and evolutionary processes.
    Instructor(s)
    C. Guglielmo
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Either Biology 2601A/B or Physiology 3120, or the former Biology 2672A/B, or permission of the Department; and either completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses from the 3000-level or above, or registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization in Animal Behaviour.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4920F: Seminar in Biology   -   Not offered in 2014-2015

  • Description
    Current research in biology critically reviewed and discussed through a combination of student presentations and written assignments. 
    Instructor(s)
    Not Offered
    Hours
    3 seminar/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered through the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4920G: Seminar in Biology

  • Description
    Current research in biology critically reviewed and discussed through a combination of student presentations and written assignments. 
    Instructor(s)
    G. Talyor
    Hours
    3 seminar/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered through the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4930G: Seminar in Cell Biology

  • Description
    Current research in cell biology critically reviewed and discussed through a combination of student presentations and written assignments. 
    Instructor(s)
    A. Timoshenko
    Hours
    3 seminar/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 3316A/B, 3326F/G, and an additional 0.5 course in Biology at the 3000-level or above; and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

    No outline available

4931A: Seminar in Physiology

  • Description
    Current research in physiology critically reviewed and discussed through a combination of student presentations and written assignments.
    Instructor(s)
    B. Sinclair
    Hours
    3 lecture/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    One of Biology 3601A/B, 3603A/B, 3660A/B or Physiology 3120, or the former Biology 3651A/B; and completion of at least 1.0 additional Biology courses at the 3000-level or above; and registration in Year 4 or an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4944G: Seminar in Ecology and Evolution

  • Description
    Current research in ecology and evolution critically reviewed and discussed through a combination of student presentations and written assignments. 
    Instructor(s)
    H. Henry
    Hours
    3 lecture/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000-level or above and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization in Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4950F: Seminar in Genetics

  • Description
    Current research in genetics critically reviewed and discussed through a combination of student presentations and written assignments.
    Instructor(s)
    A. Simon
    Hours
    3 lecture/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000-level or above and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization in Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4950G: Seminar in Genetics

  • Description
    Current research in genetics critically reviewed and discussed through a combination of student presentations and written assignments.
    Instructor(s)
    V. Grbic
    Hours
    3 lecture/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000-level or above and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization in Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4970F: Independent Study in Biology

  • Description
    A project course in a particular field under the direction of a faculty member.
    Instructor(s)
    various
    Hours
    8 laboratory/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology or an Honors Double Major in Biology (which includes a Major in Biology). Students must have arranged a project with a supervisor before completing registration. A current listing of projects is available from the Biology Department Office. See research notice boards for areas of specialization of the faculty and fields available.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4970G: Independent Study in Biology

  • Description
    A project course in a particular field under the direction of a faculty member.
    Instructor(s)
    various
    Hours
    8 laboratory/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology or an Honors Double Major in Biology (which includes a Major in Biology). Students must have arranged a project with a supervisor before completing registration. A current listing of projects is available from the Biology Department Office. See research notice boards for areas of specialization of the faculty and fields available.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4999E: Honors Research Thesis

  • Description

    Biology 4999E provides an opportunity for students to conduct an independent research project in the lab of a Biology Faculty member or Adjunct Faculty member. The Regulations for Biology Research Projects can be viewed here. Spaces are limited, and students wishing to pursue a research project must do two important things:

    1. Choose a supervisor. A list of faculty able to support research projects for any given academic year is posted within the Department early in the Winter term. A list is given here but students are encouraged to visit faculty profiles on the Department of Biology website and view the research interests of Biology faculty to find one or more who's research interests them. They should then make an appointment with potential supervisors to discuss possible projects.  Students should also take an unofficial transcript with them to these meetings.

    2. Submit an application to the Department. The application form (here) should be downloaded and completed with appropriate signatures.  Return completed application form to the Biology 4999E Course Assistant (Stefani Tichbourne), Department of Biology, Room 301D, North Campus Building.

    Hours
    Minimum 15 laboratory hours per week and during the first term an additional 2 seminar hours per week; 1.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered through the Department of Biology. Students must have arranged a project with a supervisor before completing registration. In the Spring see Biology notice boards for research areas of specialization of the faculty and fields available.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

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