Carl Hoefer



Philosophy and History of Physics, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics

PhD Stanford University

Phone: 519-661-2111 ext. 81291


My research has mostly addressed age-old metaphysical questions by examining the metaphysics of nature that flows from our best scientific theories. In particular, I work on the nature of space, time and motion as revealed by physics (especially, Einstein's theories of relativity); and on the nature of objective probability as revealed by its uses in many branches of science and other human activities.  I’m also interested in understanding laws of nature, causation, and the relations between these two notions.

I am happy to work with students interested in my research areas (broadly understood), as well as other philosophy of science topics, e.g. scientific realism/anti-realism.

Some recent publications

“Calibration: Being In Tune with Frequencies”, Special issue of Dialectica, edited by Philip Ebert & Martin Smith.  v. 66, no. 3 (2012),  pp. 435 – 452.

 “The Best Humean System for Statistical Mechanics”, co-authored with Roman Frigg.  Erkenntnis. Special issue edited by J. Berkovitz & P. Huneman. Online Oct. 16, 2013. DOI: 10.1007/s10670-013-9541-5.

“Mach's Principle as action-at-a-distance in GR: the causality question”, Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.  Online First Oct. 2014.