Peter Lemon, PhD


Room 4170, TH
519 661-2111 x88139
Google Scholar
ORCID: 0000-0002-8252-0055


  • Education FACSM (American College of Sports Medicine)
  • PhD (Wisconsin-Madison)
  • MHK (Windsor)
  • BA, BPE (McMaster)

Graduate Program Supervision

  • Integrative Biosciences MSc | PhD

Research In Profile

Peter Lemon's lab is interested in how exercise affects nutrient needs and whether food or food component supplementation affect exercise performance.

Featured Publications and Projects

Chapters and Reports

  • Lemon, PWR (2020). Whole-Body Regulation of Energy Expenditure, Exercise Fuel Selection, and Dietary Recommendations (pp. 3-14). The Routledge Handbook on Biochemistry of Exercise. Routledge.

Articles in Peer-Reviewed Journals

  • Quinones, MD and PWR Lemon (2022). Exogenous ketone ester supplementation may improve some aspects of cognitive function during a simulated soccer match after induced mental fatigue. Nutrients 14, 4376-4387.
  • Quinones MD and PWR Lemon (2022). Acute ketone salts-caffeine-taurine-leucine supplementation but not ketone salts-taurine-leucine, improves endurance cycling performance. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 32, 238-245.
  • Bandegan, Arash, Li Huang, Fred J Longstaffe, Peter WR Lemon (2021). Dose–response oxidation of ingested Phytoglycogen during exercise in endurance-trained men. J Nut 151 (10), 2942-2948
  • Quinones, Manuel D and Peter WR Lemon (2021). Low glycemic CHO ingestion minimizes cognitive function decline during a simulated soccer match. Int J Sports Sci & Coach 17, 423-429.
  • Quinones MD, Lemon PWR (2019). Hydrothermally modified corn starch ingestion attenuates soccer skill performance decrements in the second half of a simulated soccer match. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 29(5):498-504. doi: 10.1123/ijsnem.2018-0217
  • Bandegan A, Courtney-Martin G, Rafii M, Paul B, Pencharz PB, Lemon PWR (2019). Indicator amino acid oxidation protein requirement estimate in endurance-trained men 24h post-exercise exceeds both the RDA and current athlete guidelines. Am J Physiol (Endocrinol Metab). 316(5):E741-E748. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.00174.2018
  • Bandegan A, Courtney-Martin G, Rafii M, Pencharz PB, Lemon PWR (2017). Indicator amino acid-derived estimate of dietary protein requirement for male bodybuilders on a nontraining day is several-fold greater than the current recommended dietary allowance. J Nutr. 147:850-857.
  • Olver TD, Reid SM, Smith AR, Lemon PWR, Laughlin MH, Shoemaker JK (2016). Effects of acute and chronic interval sprint exercise performed on a manually propelled treadmill on upper limb vascular mechanics in healthy young men. Physiological Reports 4(13):
  • Upshaw AU, Wong TS, Bandegan A, Lemon PWR (2016). Cycling time trial performance 4 hours following glycogen-lowering exercise is enhanced similarly with recovery non-dairy chocolate beverages vs chocolate milk. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 26: 65-70.
  • Beaulieu K, Olver TD, Abbott KC, Lemon PWR (2015). Energy intake over two days is unaffected by acute sprint interval exercise despite increased appetite and energy expenditure. Appl Physiol Nutr Metabol 40:79-86.
  • Stevens AW, Olver TD, Lemon PWR (2015). Incorporating sprint training with endurance training improves anaerobic capacity and 2,000 meter erg performance in trained oarsmen. J Str Cond Res 29:22-28.

Visit Google Scholar for a comprehensive list of publications.

Current Grants and Research Projects

  • Lemon, PWR (2022-24). Ketone supplementation and exercise performance, VitaNav, $15,000.
  • Lemon, PWR (2017-19). Polysaccharide nanomaterial from corn as the carbohydrate source in a sports drink. Ontario Centres of Excellence – Talent Edge Research Program – with matching funds from Mirexus, Inc, $180,000.

Featured Graduate Student Projects

The Role of Exogenous Ketones on Various Aspects of Exercise Performance.

  • Quinones, Manuel (2021). PhD, Integrated Biosciences, Kinesiology.

Hydrating with Coconut Water, Water or Gatorade® Results in Similar Basketball Fitness & Skill Performance During a Simulated Basketball Game.

  • Zehr, Reed (2019). MSc, Integrated Biosciences, Kinesiology

Visit Scholarship@Western for a list of completed student theses and dissertations in the repository.

Graduate Student Opportunities

Projects focus on nutrient needs and/or supplementation effects on exercise performance. For details, please contact professor Lemon at

Additional Information

Academic Appointments and Research Affiliations

  • Director, Exercise Nutrition Research Laboratory
  • Faculty, Canadian Centre for Activity & Aging
  • Faculty, Foods & Nutrition, Brescia University College
  • Head Coach, Mustang Women’s Softball


  • Jack Fairs Coaching Award, Western Mustang Sports, 2022
  • Western Mustangs, 20 Year Coaching Award, 2022
  • Brescia University College, Teaching Award, 2017-18
  • Faculty of Health Sciences Teaching Award, 2017-18
  • London West Community Recognition Award, 2017
  • Faculty of Health Sciences, Western University, Outstanding Teaching Award, 2016-17
  • Western Mustangs, 15 Year Coaching Award, 2016
  • Sports Hall of Fame Inductee (Athlete), Hamilton, ON Sports Council, 2013
  • Volunteer of the Year, London Sports Council, 2012
  • Weider Research Chair in Exercise Nutrition, 1998-present

Professional Activities

  • Journal Editor, Nutrients